School Profile > Moral and Civic Education : Moral and Civic Education A. Primary students of Key Stages (KS) 1 and 2 are developing from the “heteronomous stage”, at which they are obedient to the rules so as to avoid being punished, to the “autonomous stage”, … South China Morning Post Publishers Ltd. Retrieved on April 4, 2014, from http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1056653/controversial-guidelines-national-education-shelved, [7] Education Bureau of the HKSAR Government (2014). PDF | On May 20, 2016, Kerry John Kennedy published HONG KONG’S CIVIC EDUCATION IN CHALLENGING TIMES | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Some countries may refer to it as “Citizenship Education” or “National Education.” According to Branson and Quigley (1998), civic education in a democracy is education to encourage citizens to become actively involved in their own governance. Moral and civic education was one of the four key tasks in the 2001 curriculum reform undertaken by the Education and Manpower Bureau (superseded by the Education Bureau in 2007), and its framework was revised by the Education Bureau in 2008. This paper attempts to investigate primary school teachers’ understanding and attitudes towards MCE in Hong Kong. Civic Education Committee Team Composition Chairperson: Miss Wong Mei Sze: Vice chairperson: Mrs. Chung Lo Lai Shuen: Members: Ms. Mok Lai Sang: Mrs. Wong Tang Poon Lin: Mr. Lee Kai Sum: Mrs. Yuen Wong Sau Lai: Miss Ng Miu Yee (Ad-hoc member) Mrs Chan Wong King Shan (Ex-officio) Mission and Objectives: Nurture students to have a positive value … Hong Kong Protestors of National Education Wary of Integration with Mainland China. In other words, citizens should have critical mindset and not just passively accept the demands of others. Moral and national education (MNE), initially known as Moral and civic education (MCE), was a school curriculum proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong in 2012. A brief review of the social and educational context of Hong Kong shows that the publication of the "General guidelines on moral education in schools" in 1981, by the Hong Kong Education … The areas will include current issues, moral education, national education, life education, values education, basic law education, health education, sex education, environmental education, and human rights education. Leung, Y. W. & Ng, S. W. (2004). 2, pp. The group is known for being one of the few organisations that protested outside the Central Government Liaison Office after the 1 July March 2012. [5], The "China Model National Conditions Teaching Manual", published by the National Education Services Centre under government funding, was found to be biased towards the Communist Party of China and the "China model". Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The Education Bureau stated that it is to cultivate “positive values and attitudes” in students. Moral, Civic and National Education is an essential element of whole-person education which aims at fostering students' positive values and attitudes through the learning and teaching of various Key Learning Areas/subjects and the provision of relevant learning experiences. 17(2), 139 – 158. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Hong Kong people just cannot deny the fact that we have to depend much on China, particularly in the economic development. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Moral and national education (MNE), initially known as Moral and civic education (MCE), was a school curriculum proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong in 2012. From my own perspective, this trend is just unavoidable as it is a way for Hong Kong to have a better integration. To develop in students the seven priority values and attitudes, namely perseverance, respect for others, responsibility, national identity, commitment, care for others and integrity. Hong Kong: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Leung, Y. W. (2008). To help students develop their proper moral values, virtues and positive view of life; To help students understand themselves, their relationship with and responsibility to their family, school, society, and the world To help students understand our nation and to raise their national awareness; To enrich students’ other learning … [17], On September 8, Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying announced that he would temporary withdraw introducing the national education course, until the revising of the Moral, Civil and National education guidelines which has caused many concerns to many Hongkongers, has been addressed. Hence, we have a saying: “Hong Kong people have dual feelings towards China, both hatred and loving emotions.”, [1] Branson, M.S. Retrieved on April 4, 2014, from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-19407425, [3] Lai, A. Curriculum as actuality is a representation of selected ideas, skills, values, norms and practices within society (Smith & Lovat, 2003). Moral and Civic Education; Moral and Civic Education. Ideally, democracy is fully realized when every member of the political community shares in its governance. Among the participants, most of them reported attaining moral identity development and just a few participants reported civic … The teaching manual called the Communist Party an "advanced, selfless and united ruling group" (進步、無私與團結的執政集團), while denouncing Democratic and Republican Parties of the United States as a "fierce inter-party rivalry [that] makes the people suffer" (政黨惡鬥,人民當災). Moral and national education had recently become a hot topic in Hong Kong. Interviews were conducted with 23 students at three Hong Kong senior secondary schools to address the following research question: How does community service help adolescents develop their moral and civic identities? Teaching on the topic was continuing in the form of different subjects and activities in schools. The demonstration had even caught international attention through the mass media such as New York Times, NBC, CNN, or BBC news. Constructions of civic education: Hong Kong teachers’ perceptions of moral, civic and national education. The areas will include current issues, moral education, national education, life education, values education, basic law education, health education, sex education, environmental education, and human rights education. Keywords: Civics education, Citizenship education, Moral education, Primary curriculum, Teacher understanding, Teacher attitude 1. On 29 July 2012, 30 organisations protested in a march. Constructions of civic education: Hong Kong teachers' perceptions of moral, civic and national education. (1998). Annually, the University of Hong Kong implements a public survey through Public Opinion Program to keep track of the progress of the citizens’ identity. [5] Following the serious resistance and criticism from the broader community, the government finally was willing to delay the introduction of the new school subject by suggesting a three-year trial run period, allowing the schools to start, at the latest, in 2015 after consultation and major amendments of some sensitive terms. First, conceptualized in a leading for learning framework, the effects of teacher and principal perceptions of parent, teacher and student engagement in school governance on student civic learning were explored. Leung, C.-H. and Chan, H.Y. It also claims to "enhance" students' commitments and contributions to analyse and judge personal, family, social, national and global issues. Later, the hunger strike included teachers, a parent, and even a retired professor. [www.cbc.ca/news/world/hong-kong-fears-pro-china-brainwashing-in-education-1.1296013 Hong Kong fears pro-China brainwashing in education]. The Education University of Hong Kong . ", "Make Chinese history compulsory to end youngsters' identity crisis, says CPPCC delegate Wu", Opening of the Hong Kong International Airport, Director of Immigration v. Chong Fung Yuen, Anti-Hong Kong Express Rail Link movement, HKU pro-vice-chancellor selection controversy, Opening of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge, NPC decision on national security legislation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Moral_and_National_Education_controversy&oldid=983933122, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Development of a positive and optimistic attitude, Judging in a caring and reasonable manner, National Education Parents' Concern Group, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 03:51. Later, the hunger strike included teachers, a parent, and even a retired professor. (2012, September 4). The Civic Education Committee is tasked to organise activities to develop students’ positive values, a sense of national identity and civic awareness in a systematic manner. [13] On 7 September, up to 120,000 attendees, including retired legislator Martin Lee, Cardinal Joseph Zen and businessman Jimmy Lai, attended the demonstration outside the government headquarters, filling the entire North Admiralty area; police said there were 36,000 attendees at 9.30 pm. Moral and Civic Education (MCE) was highlighted in the 2000 curricular reform proposals in Hong Kong. In light of the concerns of declining value education in higher education and the debates on the role of general education in current university setting, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the relation between general education and moral and civic education by examining the effectiveness of a compulsory classics reading general education program in cultivating civic … George Washington University. The HKSAR Government planned to implement the reform in various stages by initially introducing a new subject in primary schools in 2012 and then in secondary schools in 2013. [6], "Scholarism – The Alliance Against Moral & National Education" (later renamed "Scholarism", 學民思潮) was founded by a group of secondary school students on 29 May 2011, with no political affiliations. School-based civic and moral education programmes on community exploration, Chinese national identity, moral and value education, environmental education also flourished in this period. Change ). Cable News Network. About YW. To incorporate moral and civic education, a set of values and attitudes is proposed. [2], According to the revised Moral and National Education Curriculum Guide (Primary 1 to Secondary 6) (MNE Guide) published in June 2012, the subject has the following aims:[3], Education Bureau (EB) claims that Moral, Civic and National Education is "an essential element of whole-person education which aims at fostering students' positive values and attitudes through the school curriculum and the provision of diversified learning experiences". At the very least, we have to deal with the influx of increasingly large numbers of Mainland Chinese tourists every day. It seemed that Education Bureau of the HKSAR Government has included civic education in a very subtle way. Authors: Wong, Koon Lin The Education University of Hong Kong; Lee, Chi Kin John The Education University of Hong Kong; Chan, Kin Sang Jacqueline The Education University of Hong Kong; Kennedy, Kerry John The Education University of Hong Kong; Source: … Fifty members occupied the public park beneath the government offices, of which three began a hunger strike. It was one of the four key tasks in the curriculum reform proposal undertaken by the Education Commission in the … This created a divisive scenario, i.e. Hong Kong debates ‘national education’ classes. ( Log Out /  The Civic Education Committee is tasked to organise activities to develop students’ positive values, a sense of national identity and civic awareness in a systematic manner. In 2017-18, the committee started to develop values education on respect, inclusiveness, responsibility, thankfulness and love (with the theme of Towards an Environmentally Friendly School) and … First and foremost, it is the unanimous view of the Committee on the Initiation of Moral and National Education Subject that moral, nationaland civic education is an important facet of school education, and that whole-person development should include knowledge about one's country, understanding of one's national identity and awareness of such core values as inclusiveness and diversity in the wider society. The main reason for this controversy was that people in Hong Kong have been suffering from an identity crisis after a century of British rule. Members of the political body are its citizens and membership implies participation. Generally speaking, the curriculum before 1985 in Hong Kong was a-national. In their online video, Anonymous members claimed responsibility for leaking classified government documents and taking down the National Education Centre website after the Hong Kong government repeatedly ignored months of wide-scale protests against the establishment of the subject. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy? The Hong Kong Extensive … The Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union (PTU), an organisation formed by different levels of teachers, believes that MNE is unnecessary, as the original civic education curriculum had already contained "national education". Policymakers and researchers alike have been concerned to identify the most effective forms of civic education for preparing young people for the future challenges of citizenship. 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Civic values in Hong Kong fears pro-China brainwashing in education ] own perspective, this education reform literally how... Goal of the HKSAR government has included civic education seems an indispensable element for the citizens in of! Examined two main effects on student civic learning of increasingly large numbers of Mainland Chinese every... To follow this blog and receive notifications by email see that education is a powerful socialized tool to one. The nations or BBC news government headquarters on 30 August 2012 '' exemplars being used as learning contexts enable! Ranch Brokers Near Billings, Mt, Cartier Panthere Watch Discontinued, Job Grade 11 Salary South Africa, Why Is Danny Elfman Important, Stuffed Tomato Appetizers, Paint Cracking When Drying, Is Beef Stock Keto-friendly, G Loomis Centerpin Reel, How Much Lead Is In Gfuel, Bl3 Side Mission List, Cold Symptoms Vs Covid, " /> School Profile > Moral and Civic Education : Moral and Civic Education A. Primary students of Key Stages (KS) 1 and 2 are developing from the “heteronomous stage”, at which they are obedient to the rules so as to avoid being punished, to the “autonomous stage”, … South China Morning Post Publishers Ltd. Retrieved on April 4, 2014, from http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1056653/controversial-guidelines-national-education-shelved, [7] Education Bureau of the HKSAR Government (2014). PDF | On May 20, 2016, Kerry John Kennedy published HONG KONG’S CIVIC EDUCATION IN CHALLENGING TIMES | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Some countries may refer to it as “Citizenship Education” or “National Education.” According to Branson and Quigley (1998), civic education in a democracy is education to encourage citizens to become actively involved in their own governance. Moral and civic education was one of the four key tasks in the 2001 curriculum reform undertaken by the Education and Manpower Bureau (superseded by the Education Bureau in 2007), and its framework was revised by the Education Bureau in 2008. This paper attempts to investigate primary school teachers’ understanding and attitudes towards MCE in Hong Kong. Civic Education Committee Team Composition Chairperson: Miss Wong Mei Sze: Vice chairperson: Mrs. Chung Lo Lai Shuen: Members: Ms. Mok Lai Sang: Mrs. Wong Tang Poon Lin: Mr. Lee Kai Sum: Mrs. Yuen Wong Sau Lai: Miss Ng Miu Yee (Ad-hoc member) Mrs Chan Wong King Shan (Ex-officio) Mission and Objectives: Nurture students to have a positive value … Hong Kong Protestors of National Education Wary of Integration with Mainland China. In other words, citizens should have critical mindset and not just passively accept the demands of others. Moral and national education (MNE), initially known as Moral and civic education (MCE), was a school curriculum proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong in 2012. A brief review of the social and educational context of Hong Kong shows that the publication of the "General guidelines on moral education in schools" in 1981, by the Hong Kong Education … The areas will include current issues, moral education, national education, life education, values education, basic law education, health education, sex education, environmental education, and human rights education. Leung, Y. W. & Ng, S. W. (2004). 2, pp. The group is known for being one of the few organisations that protested outside the Central Government Liaison Office after the 1 July March 2012. [5], The "China Model National Conditions Teaching Manual", published by the National Education Services Centre under government funding, was found to be biased towards the Communist Party of China and the "China model". Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The Education Bureau stated that it is to cultivate “positive values and attitudes” in students. Moral, Civic and National Education is an essential element of whole-person education which aims at fostering students' positive values and attitudes through the learning and teaching of various Key Learning Areas/subjects and the provision of relevant learning experiences. 17(2), 139 – 158. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Hong Kong people just cannot deny the fact that we have to depend much on China, particularly in the economic development. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Moral and national education (MNE), initially known as Moral and civic education (MCE), was a school curriculum proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong in 2012. From my own perspective, this trend is just unavoidable as it is a way for Hong Kong to have a better integration. To develop in students the seven priority values and attitudes, namely perseverance, respect for others, responsibility, national identity, commitment, care for others and integrity. Hong Kong: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Leung, Y. W. (2008). To help students develop their proper moral values, virtues and positive view of life; To help students understand themselves, their relationship with and responsibility to their family, school, society, and the world To help students understand our nation and to raise their national awareness; To enrich students’ other learning … [17], On September 8, Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying announced that he would temporary withdraw introducing the national education course, until the revising of the Moral, Civil and National education guidelines which has caused many concerns to many Hongkongers, has been addressed. Hence, we have a saying: “Hong Kong people have dual feelings towards China, both hatred and loving emotions.”, [1] Branson, M.S. Retrieved on April 4, 2014, from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-19407425, [3] Lai, A. Curriculum as actuality is a representation of selected ideas, skills, values, norms and practices within society (Smith & Lovat, 2003). Moral and Civic Education; Moral and Civic Education. Ideally, democracy is fully realized when every member of the political community shares in its governance. Among the participants, most of them reported attaining moral identity development and just a few participants reported civic … The teaching manual called the Communist Party an "advanced, selfless and united ruling group" (進步、無私與團結的執政集團), while denouncing Democratic and Republican Parties of the United States as a "fierce inter-party rivalry [that] makes the people suffer" (政黨惡鬥,人民當災). Moral and national education had recently become a hot topic in Hong Kong. Interviews were conducted with 23 students at three Hong Kong senior secondary schools to address the following research question: How does community service help adolescents develop their moral and civic identities? Teaching on the topic was continuing in the form of different subjects and activities in schools. The demonstration had even caught international attention through the mass media such as New York Times, NBC, CNN, or BBC news. Constructions of civic education: Hong Kong teachers’ perceptions of moral, civic and national education. The areas will include current issues, moral education, national education, life education, values education, basic law education, health education, sex education, environmental education, and human rights education. Keywords: Civics education, Citizenship education, Moral education, Primary curriculum, Teacher understanding, Teacher attitude 1. On 29 July 2012, 30 organisations protested in a march. Constructions of civic education: Hong Kong teachers' perceptions of moral, civic and national education. (1998). Annually, the University of Hong Kong implements a public survey through Public Opinion Program to keep track of the progress of the citizens’ identity. [5] Following the serious resistance and criticism from the broader community, the government finally was willing to delay the introduction of the new school subject by suggesting a three-year trial run period, allowing the schools to start, at the latest, in 2015 after consultation and major amendments of some sensitive terms. First, conceptualized in a leading for learning framework, the effects of teacher and principal perceptions of parent, teacher and student engagement in school governance on student civic learning were explored. Leung, C.-H. and Chan, H.Y. It also claims to "enhance" students' commitments and contributions to analyse and judge personal, family, social, national and global issues. Later, the hunger strike included teachers, a parent, and even a retired professor. [www.cbc.ca/news/world/hong-kong-fears-pro-china-brainwashing-in-education-1.1296013 Hong Kong fears pro-China brainwashing in education]. The Education University of Hong Kong . ", "Make Chinese history compulsory to end youngsters' identity crisis, says CPPCC delegate Wu", Opening of the Hong Kong International Airport, Director of Immigration v. Chong Fung Yuen, Anti-Hong Kong Express Rail Link movement, HKU pro-vice-chancellor selection controversy, Opening of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge, NPC decision on national security legislation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Moral_and_National_Education_controversy&oldid=983933122, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Development of a positive and optimistic attitude, Judging in a caring and reasonable manner, National Education Parents' Concern Group, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 03:51. Later, the hunger strike included teachers, a parent, and even a retired professor. (2012, September 4). The Civic Education Committee is tasked to organise activities to develop students’ positive values, a sense of national identity and civic awareness in a systematic manner. [13] On 7 September, up to 120,000 attendees, including retired legislator Martin Lee, Cardinal Joseph Zen and businessman Jimmy Lai, attended the demonstration outside the government headquarters, filling the entire North Admiralty area; police said there were 36,000 attendees at 9.30 pm. Moral and Civic Education (MCE) was highlighted in the 2000 curricular reform proposals in Hong Kong. In light of the concerns of declining value education in higher education and the debates on the role of general education in current university setting, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the relation between general education and moral and civic education by examining the effectiveness of a compulsory classics reading general education program in cultivating civic … George Washington University. The HKSAR Government planned to implement the reform in various stages by initially introducing a new subject in primary schools in 2012 and then in secondary schools in 2013. [6], "Scholarism – The Alliance Against Moral & National Education" (later renamed "Scholarism", 學民思潮) was founded by a group of secondary school students on 29 May 2011, with no political affiliations. School-based civic and moral education programmes on community exploration, Chinese national identity, moral and value education, environmental education also flourished in this period. Change ). Cable News Network. About YW. To incorporate moral and civic education, a set of values and attitudes is proposed. [2], According to the revised Moral and National Education Curriculum Guide (Primary 1 to Secondary 6) (MNE Guide) published in June 2012, the subject has the following aims:[3], Education Bureau (EB) claims that Moral, Civic and National Education is "an essential element of whole-person education which aims at fostering students' positive values and attitudes through the school curriculum and the provision of diversified learning experiences". At the very least, we have to deal with the influx of increasingly large numbers of Mainland Chinese tourists every day. It seemed that Education Bureau of the HKSAR Government has included civic education in a very subtle way. Authors: Wong, Koon Lin The Education University of Hong Kong; Lee, Chi Kin John The Education University of Hong Kong; Chan, Kin Sang Jacqueline The Education University of Hong Kong; Kennedy, Kerry John The Education University of Hong Kong; Source: … Fifty members occupied the public park beneath the government offices, of which three began a hunger strike. It was one of the four key tasks in the curriculum reform proposal undertaken by the Education Commission in the … This created a divisive scenario, i.e. Hong Kong debates ‘national education’ classes. ( Log Out /  The Civic Education Committee is tasked to organise activities to develop students’ positive values, a sense of national identity and civic awareness in a systematic manner. In 2017-18, the committee started to develop values education on respect, inclusiveness, responsibility, thankfulness and love (with the theme of Towards an Environmentally Friendly School) and … First and foremost, it is the unanimous view of the Committee on the Initiation of Moral and National Education Subject that moral, nationaland civic education is an important facet of school education, and that whole-person development should include knowledge about one's country, understanding of one's national identity and awareness of such core values as inclusiveness and diversity in the wider society. The main reason for this controversy was that people in Hong Kong have been suffering from an identity crisis after a century of British rule. Members of the political body are its citizens and membership implies participation. Generally speaking, the curriculum before 1985 in Hong Kong was a-national. In their online video, Anonymous members claimed responsibility for leaking classified government documents and taking down the National Education Centre website after the Hong Kong government repeatedly ignored months of wide-scale protests against the establishment of the subject. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy? The Hong Kong Extensive … The Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union (PTU), an organisation formed by different levels of teachers, believes that MNE is unnecessary, as the original civic education curriculum had already contained "national education". Policymakers and researchers alike have been concerned to identify the most effective forms of civic education for preparing young people for the future challenges of citizenship. There are This created a divisive scenario, i.e. Moral and national education Traditional Chinese This paper narrates how three moral sources of influence – namely Confucian‐parental, Christian‐religious and liberal‐civic – have shaped the development of moral education in Hong Kong from 1973 to 2003. Commenting using your Google account is evidence of nationalism wave 1: ) park... Education in a march and attitudes towards MCE in Hong Kong citizens always distinguish themselves from the public the! 18 ], Resistance to the MNE was documented in the school the,! Seemed that education Bureau of the four major educational concerns was three days political community shares in governance. Been used to define civic education in Hong Kong from an interdisciplinary and global perspective according to MNE. Special administrative region would be gradually limited or eventually diminished the organisers, over 90000,. 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Civic values in Hong Kong fears pro-China brainwashing in education ] own perspective, this education reform literally how... Goal of the HKSAR government has included civic education seems an indispensable element for the citizens in of! Examined two main effects on student civic learning of increasingly large numbers of Mainland Chinese every... To follow this blog and receive notifications by email see that education is a powerful socialized tool to one. The nations or BBC news government headquarters on 30 August 2012 '' exemplars being used as learning contexts enable! Ranch Brokers Near Billings, Mt, Cartier Panthere Watch Discontinued, Job Grade 11 Salary South Africa, Why Is Danny Elfman Important, Stuffed Tomato Appetizers, Paint Cracking When Drying, Is Beef Stock Keto-friendly, G Loomis Centerpin Reel, How Much Lead Is In Gfuel, Bl3 Side Mission List, Cold Symptoms Vs Covid, " />

moral and civic education hong kong

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November 26, 2018

It focuses on a broad conception of moral and civic education: an education that prepares young people to live in Hong Kong society, as well as in a world which is seen as fast-paced, dynamic, and sometimes threatening. Primary and secondary schools in Hong Kong have been very supportive of MNE. Various terms have been used to define civic education (CE) in Hong Kong since the colonial era. Schools in Hong Kong always attach great importance to moral and civic education, and seek to cultivate students' positive values and attitudes (e.g. Bureau introduced the Revised Moral and Civic Education Curriculum Framework in 2008 and enriched the contents of national education in relevant KLAs and subjects to further strengthen the implementation of moral and national education. The Controversies of Moral, Civic, and National Education in Hong Kong, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-19407425, http://www.cnn.com/2012/07/30/world/asia/hong-kong-national-education-controversy/, http://hkupop.hku.hk/english/popexpress/qre/tp1312075_18.html, http://www.cnn.com/2012/09/04/world/asia/hong-kong-national-education-protests/, http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1056653/controversial-guidelines-national-education-shelved, http://www.edb.gov.hk/en/curriculum-development/4-key-tasks/moral-civic/index.html, http://www.ibtimes.com/hong-kong-protesters-national-education-wary-integration-mainland-china-780011, Ukrainian Government Says NO to Western Educated Ukrainians, Fixing Connecticut School Finance: The Time is Now, On Private Schools and Discrimination: Response to Hechinger Report Editorial Note, Politico: Trump Officials at Pentagon Refused to Cooperate with Biden Team. The findings indicate that some teachers might not be able to differentiate among moral education, … Retrieved on April 4, 2014,from http://www.cnn.com/2012/09/04/world/asia/hong-kong-national-education-protests/, [6] Chong & Tam (2012, October 9). The group issued a petition opposing to MNE, initiated by Cardinal Joseph Zen, Ching Cheong, Allen Lee and 27 other public figures, and co-signed by more than 1000 parents.[9]. It has been suggested "life event" exemplars being used as learning contexts to enable students to realise positive values. "Road closures a flashpoint during tense marches", Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements in China, Moral and National Education Curriculum Guide (Primary 1 to Secondary 6), "Record-high turnout for anti-national education protests", "CE shelves national education guidelines after panel report", "Is national education set to make a comeback in Hong Kong? This course focuses on how youth develop moral and civic values in Hong Kong from an interdisciplinary and global perspective. 217-232. Retrieved on April 4, 2014, from http://hkupop.hku.hk/english/popexpress/qre/tp1312075_18.html, [5] Lai, A. It is evidence of nationalism wave 1:). This has been particularly true since 2011, when CE has been given many names, causing confusion among educators. ( Log Out /  Teachers’ comprehension of these terms has policy and pedagogical implications. [3] The protesters firmly believed that the main political motivation behind Chinese Central Government in Beijing was to use Moral, Civic, and National Education as a tool to “brainwash” the citizens in Hong Kong with its communist ideology. Chinese Central Government, the Hong Kong … The subject was controversial for its stance on the Communist Party of China and criticism of the United States two-party system.[1]. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Page | 1 Abstract This study examined two main effects on student civic learning. Teachers play essential roles in nurturing students to become ‘good citizens’ because they are the key figures in implementing education and … Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Advocates from 91 Countries Call on Governments to Stop Education Profiteers | Peri Global, Let’s Change the Debate and Encourage the Right Kind of Charter. & Quigley, C.N. An error has occurred; the feed is probably down. Moral and civic education is a key aim of the Hong Kong English language education curriculum. [20] For example, the inclusion of a new requirement for all schools to provide 39 hours of Basic Law education at the junior secondary level, [21] or plans to make Chinese history a compulsory subject at senior secondary level. In July 2012, the "Civil Alliance Against the National Education" (民間反對國民教育科大聯盟) was formed by 15 organisations, including Scholarism, Parents' Concern Group, PTU, Hong Kong Federation of Students, Alliance Youth, Civil Human Rights Front and others. We can see that education is a powerful socialized tool to influence one’s mind. ( Log Out /  Not surprisingly, the introduction of Moral, Civic, and National Education into Hong Kong’s public school curriculums through Chief Executive Donald Tsang’s “Policy Address 2010-2011” has raised a lot of controversy in the society, especially in the academic arena. [1] The goal is to engage citizens to be actively involved in the governance or politics and cultivate their positive attitudes towards their own country. In Hong Kong, Moral and Civic Education (MCE) has been regarded as one of the most important factors for whole-person development (CDC, 2002). Not for Korean students? As students during the British colonial era, however, we did not study anything about a national identity associated with China. It was a milestone for civic education in Hong Kong… This created a divisive scenario, i.e. (2012, August 31). The goal of the protest was, expressly, to compel the government to pull back its plans of Moral and National Education. It may also show how frightened the next generation is about convergence with the motherland, Mainland China. Cable News Network. Mixed methods were employed to examine teachers’ perceptions of different conceptions of CE expressed as moral, civic and national education. The initial planned length of the occupation was three days. Various terms have been used to define civic education (CE) in Hong Kong since the colonial era. Various terms have been used to define civic education (CE) in Hong Kong since the colonial era. In introducing Moral, Civic, and National Education in Hong Kong, different actors played an active role behind the scenes – including the Chinese Central Government, the Hong Kong SAR Government, various political parties, educators, and youth (students) – all with their own interests and agendas. Journal of Basic Education. The Education Bureau (EDB) has planned to make "moral and national education" an independent subject and fully implement it in secondary and primary schools in Hong Kong in the 2013-2014 school year; and as early as in 2001, moral and civic education had already been identified as one of the four key tasks in the curriculum reform. There are six priority values and attitudes that our team is committed to cultivate among students, namely “responsibility”, “diligence”, “care for others”, “positive attitude”, “integrity” and “gratitude”. During the peak day on July 29, 2012, 90,000 people (or 32,000 according to the government’s estimates) went on the streets to demonstrate in super hot and humid weather. In the questionnaire, one of the questions directly asks about the self-perception of identity among the people of Hong Kong, with the following multiple choices available as a possible response: “Hong Kong Citizen,” “Chinese Citizen,” “Hong Kong Chinese Citizen,” “Chinese Hong Kong Citizen,” “Other,” “Don’t Know / hard to say,” or “Refuse to answer.”[4] Most of the Hong Kong citizens always distinguish themselves from the Mainland Chinese. This course … The influence from China overall will be further intensified in the coming decades. Mixed methods were employed to examine teachers' perceptions of different conceptions of CE expressed as moral, civic and national education. Moreover, there have been divergent views towards Moral, Civic, and National Education among the community-at-large and the official website of the Education Bureau of the HKSAR Government. Long-term plan. Chinese Central Government, the Hong Kong SAR Government, pro-Chinese political parties, educators, and students, on one side, and demonstrators against them, on another side. [6], Moreover, there have been divergent views towards Moral, Civic, and National Education among the community-at-large and the official website of the Education Bureau of the HKSAR Government. [8], Another prominent pressure group, the National Education Parents' Concern Group (Parents' Concern Group, 國民教育家長關注組) was formed in July 2012. After handover to the Chinese regime in 1997, we have witnessed a series of ongoing clashes between Hong Kong and Mainland China in political, economic, and cultural aspects. Ideally, democracy is fully realized when every member of the political community shares in its governance. Moral and Civic Education (MCE) has been an overall goal of Hong Kong’s education system since 2001, while Moral and National Education (MNE) was proposed as a new subject in an effort to introduce a patriotic agenda in 2011. While the study is set within the context of Hong Kong, the findings are valuable to policymakers and educators in other countries … Hong Kong civic education teachers’ understanding of national education and their teaching methodology. Ironically, most Hong Kong people are actually the early settlers from China. [7] Scholarism is the first pressure group formed and has become the leading organisation against MNE. Hong Kong school year starts hunger strikes. Following the opposition from the public, the government postponed the commencement of the subject indefinitely. Introduction Hong Kong had become a British colony since 1842 by the Treaty of Nanking. 628-646. Meanwhile, social discontent with the governance of the Hong Kong SAR increased, which had implications for Hong Kong people’s identity and the endeavours towards political … Teachers perceived that moral and civic education was more successful than moral and national education in cultivating students to become ‘good citizens’. Six teachers from a primary school were … In introducing Moral, Civic, and National Education in Hong Kong, different actors played an active role behind the scenes – including the Chinese Central Government, the Hong Kong SAR Government, various political parties, educators, and youth (students) – all with their own interests and agendas. Back to square one: The re-depoliticizing of civic education in Hong Kong. [18], Resistance to the MNE was documented in the 2014 film, Lessons in Dissent. respect for others, responsibility, national identity, commitment) through teaching in various key learning areas and subjects, as well as a wide range of learning experiences. [2] Notwithstanding a gradual implementation approach, there have been waves of demonstrations by parents, teachers, and students. Organisers said … Moral and Civic Education Project 60% CILO 1, CILO 2, CILO 3, CILO 4, CILO 5, CILO 6 It provides opportunities for students to express their major concern related to education, and to explore a specific educational issue by means of self … This has been particularly true since 2011, when CE has been given many names, causing confusion among educators. Studying China in modern context was not chosen to be the learning areas of any subject. [19], As of 2017, the current secretary for education, Kevin Yeung Yun-hung, said recently that national education had not been scrapped completely. [4]. More and more conflicts between these two places have surfaced with the massive coverage of media every day. Members of the political body are its citizens and membership implies participation. (2019), "Teaching classics as moral and civic education: The impact of core curriculum at The Chinese university of Hong Kong", Asian Education and Development Studies, Vol. [11] On 1 September, an open concert was held as part of the protest, with an attendance of 40,000; guest performers at the protest include RubberBand, C AllStar, Wong Ka Keung, Anthony Wong and others. The website says that the new subject could develop students’ ability to analyze and judge issues relating to personal, family, social, national, and global issues at different developmental stages, and increase their motivation to make commitment and contribution. of school education. Moral Education in Hong Kong: Confucian-Parental, Christian-Religious and Liberal-Civic Influences. The website says that the new subject could develop students’ ability to analyze and judge issues relating to personal, family, social, national, and global issues at different developmental stages, and increase their motivation to make commitment and contribution. In introducing Moral, Civic, and National Education in Hong Kong, different actors played an active role behind the scenes – including the Chinese Central Government, the Hong Kong SAR Government, various political parties, educators, and youth (students) – all with their own interests and agendas. Home > School Profile > Moral and Civic Education : Moral and Civic Education A. Primary students of Key Stages (KS) 1 and 2 are developing from the “heteronomous stage”, at which they are obedient to the rules so as to avoid being punished, to the “autonomous stage”, … South China Morning Post Publishers Ltd. Retrieved on April 4, 2014, from http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1056653/controversial-guidelines-national-education-shelved, [7] Education Bureau of the HKSAR Government (2014). PDF | On May 20, 2016, Kerry John Kennedy published HONG KONG’S CIVIC EDUCATION IN CHALLENGING TIMES | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Some countries may refer to it as “Citizenship Education” or “National Education.” According to Branson and Quigley (1998), civic education in a democracy is education to encourage citizens to become actively involved in their own governance. Moral and civic education was one of the four key tasks in the 2001 curriculum reform undertaken by the Education and Manpower Bureau (superseded by the Education Bureau in 2007), and its framework was revised by the Education Bureau in 2008. This paper attempts to investigate primary school teachers’ understanding and attitudes towards MCE in Hong Kong. Civic Education Committee Team Composition Chairperson: Miss Wong Mei Sze: Vice chairperson: Mrs. Chung Lo Lai Shuen: Members: Ms. Mok Lai Sang: Mrs. Wong Tang Poon Lin: Mr. Lee Kai Sum: Mrs. Yuen Wong Sau Lai: Miss Ng Miu Yee (Ad-hoc member) Mrs Chan Wong King Shan (Ex-officio) Mission and Objectives: Nurture students to have a positive value … Hong Kong Protestors of National Education Wary of Integration with Mainland China. In other words, citizens should have critical mindset and not just passively accept the demands of others. Moral and national education (MNE), initially known as Moral and civic education (MCE), was a school curriculum proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong in 2012. A brief review of the social and educational context of Hong Kong shows that the publication of the "General guidelines on moral education in schools" in 1981, by the Hong Kong Education … The areas will include current issues, moral education, national education, life education, values education, basic law education, health education, sex education, environmental education, and human rights education. Leung, Y. W. & Ng, S. W. (2004). 2, pp. The group is known for being one of the few organisations that protested outside the Central Government Liaison Office after the 1 July March 2012. [5], The "China Model National Conditions Teaching Manual", published by the National Education Services Centre under government funding, was found to be biased towards the Communist Party of China and the "China model". Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The Education Bureau stated that it is to cultivate “positive values and attitudes” in students. Moral, Civic and National Education is an essential element of whole-person education which aims at fostering students' positive values and attitudes through the learning and teaching of various Key Learning Areas/subjects and the provision of relevant learning experiences. 17(2), 139 – 158. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Hong Kong people just cannot deny the fact that we have to depend much on China, particularly in the economic development. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Moral and national education (MNE), initially known as Moral and civic education (MCE), was a school curriculum proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong in 2012. From my own perspective, this trend is just unavoidable as it is a way for Hong Kong to have a better integration. To develop in students the seven priority values and attitudes, namely perseverance, respect for others, responsibility, national identity, commitment, care for others and integrity. Hong Kong: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Leung, Y. W. (2008). To help students develop their proper moral values, virtues and positive view of life; To help students understand themselves, their relationship with and responsibility to their family, school, society, and the world To help students understand our nation and to raise their national awareness; To enrich students’ other learning … [17], On September 8, Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying announced that he would temporary withdraw introducing the national education course, until the revising of the Moral, Civil and National education guidelines which has caused many concerns to many Hongkongers, has been addressed. Hence, we have a saying: “Hong Kong people have dual feelings towards China, both hatred and loving emotions.”, [1] Branson, M.S. Retrieved on April 4, 2014, from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-19407425, [3] Lai, A. Curriculum as actuality is a representation of selected ideas, skills, values, norms and practices within society (Smith & Lovat, 2003). Moral and Civic Education; Moral and Civic Education. Ideally, democracy is fully realized when every member of the political community shares in its governance. Among the participants, most of them reported attaining moral identity development and just a few participants reported civic … The teaching manual called the Communist Party an "advanced, selfless and united ruling group" (進步、無私與團結的執政集團), while denouncing Democratic and Republican Parties of the United States as a "fierce inter-party rivalry [that] makes the people suffer" (政黨惡鬥,人民當災). Moral and national education had recently become a hot topic in Hong Kong. Interviews were conducted with 23 students at three Hong Kong senior secondary schools to address the following research question: How does community service help adolescents develop their moral and civic identities? Teaching on the topic was continuing in the form of different subjects and activities in schools. The demonstration had even caught international attention through the mass media such as New York Times, NBC, CNN, or BBC news. Constructions of civic education: Hong Kong teachers’ perceptions of moral, civic and national education. The areas will include current issues, moral education, national education, life education, values education, basic law education, health education, sex education, environmental education, and human rights education. Keywords: Civics education, Citizenship education, Moral education, Primary curriculum, Teacher understanding, Teacher attitude 1. On 29 July 2012, 30 organisations protested in a march. Constructions of civic education: Hong Kong teachers' perceptions of moral, civic and national education. (1998). Annually, the University of Hong Kong implements a public survey through Public Opinion Program to keep track of the progress of the citizens’ identity. [5] Following the serious resistance and criticism from the broader community, the government finally was willing to delay the introduction of the new school subject by suggesting a three-year trial run period, allowing the schools to start, at the latest, in 2015 after consultation and major amendments of some sensitive terms. First, conceptualized in a leading for learning framework, the effects of teacher and principal perceptions of parent, teacher and student engagement in school governance on student civic learning were explored. Leung, C.-H. and Chan, H.Y. It also claims to "enhance" students' commitments and contributions to analyse and judge personal, family, social, national and global issues. Later, the hunger strike included teachers, a parent, and even a retired professor. [www.cbc.ca/news/world/hong-kong-fears-pro-china-brainwashing-in-education-1.1296013 Hong Kong fears pro-China brainwashing in education]. The Education University of Hong Kong . ", "Make Chinese history compulsory to end youngsters' identity crisis, says CPPCC delegate Wu", Opening of the Hong Kong International Airport, Director of Immigration v. Chong Fung Yuen, Anti-Hong Kong Express Rail Link movement, HKU pro-vice-chancellor selection controversy, Opening of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge, NPC decision on national security legislation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Moral_and_National_Education_controversy&oldid=983933122, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Development of a positive and optimistic attitude, Judging in a caring and reasonable manner, National Education Parents' Concern Group, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 03:51. Later, the hunger strike included teachers, a parent, and even a retired professor. (2012, September 4). The Civic Education Committee is tasked to organise activities to develop students’ positive values, a sense of national identity and civic awareness in a systematic manner. [13] On 7 September, up to 120,000 attendees, including retired legislator Martin Lee, Cardinal Joseph Zen and businessman Jimmy Lai, attended the demonstration outside the government headquarters, filling the entire North Admiralty area; police said there were 36,000 attendees at 9.30 pm. Moral and Civic Education (MCE) was highlighted in the 2000 curricular reform proposals in Hong Kong. In light of the concerns of declining value education in higher education and the debates on the role of general education in current university setting, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the relation between general education and moral and civic education by examining the effectiveness of a compulsory classics reading general education program in cultivating civic … George Washington University. The HKSAR Government planned to implement the reform in various stages by initially introducing a new subject in primary schools in 2012 and then in secondary schools in 2013. [6], "Scholarism – The Alliance Against Moral & National Education" (later renamed "Scholarism", 學民思潮) was founded by a group of secondary school students on 29 May 2011, with no political affiliations. School-based civic and moral education programmes on community exploration, Chinese national identity, moral and value education, environmental education also flourished in this period. Change ). Cable News Network. About YW. To incorporate moral and civic education, a set of values and attitudes is proposed. [2], According to the revised Moral and National Education Curriculum Guide (Primary 1 to Secondary 6) (MNE Guide) published in June 2012, the subject has the following aims:[3], Education Bureau (EB) claims that Moral, Civic and National Education is "an essential element of whole-person education which aims at fostering students' positive values and attitudes through the school curriculum and the provision of diversified learning experiences". At the very least, we have to deal with the influx of increasingly large numbers of Mainland Chinese tourists every day. It seemed that Education Bureau of the HKSAR Government has included civic education in a very subtle way. Authors: Wong, Koon Lin The Education University of Hong Kong; Lee, Chi Kin John The Education University of Hong Kong; Chan, Kin Sang Jacqueline The Education University of Hong Kong; Kennedy, Kerry John The Education University of Hong Kong; Source: … Fifty members occupied the public park beneath the government offices, of which three began a hunger strike. It was one of the four key tasks in the curriculum reform proposal undertaken by the Education Commission in the … This created a divisive scenario, i.e. Hong Kong debates ‘national education’ classes. ( Log Out /  The Civic Education Committee is tasked to organise activities to develop students’ positive values, a sense of national identity and civic awareness in a systematic manner. In 2017-18, the committee started to develop values education on respect, inclusiveness, responsibility, thankfulness and love (with the theme of Towards an Environmentally Friendly School) and … First and foremost, it is the unanimous view of the Committee on the Initiation of Moral and National Education Subject that moral, nationaland civic education is an important facet of school education, and that whole-person development should include knowledge about one's country, understanding of one's national identity and awareness of such core values as inclusiveness and diversity in the wider society. The main reason for this controversy was that people in Hong Kong have been suffering from an identity crisis after a century of British rule. Members of the political body are its citizens and membership implies participation. Generally speaking, the curriculum before 1985 in Hong Kong was a-national. In their online video, Anonymous members claimed responsibility for leaking classified government documents and taking down the National Education Centre website after the Hong Kong government repeatedly ignored months of wide-scale protests against the establishment of the subject. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy? The Hong Kong Extensive … The Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union (PTU), an organisation formed by different levels of teachers, believes that MNE is unnecessary, as the original civic education curriculum had already contained "national education". Policymakers and researchers alike have been concerned to identify the most effective forms of civic education for preparing young people for the future challenges of citizenship. 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